The era of globalization is characterized by the open access to information and technology from developed countries to developing countries. Unfortunately, globalization does not always bring good impacts to developing countries. There are still gaps when it comes to access to information since internet users are still dominated in urban areas. This condition causes global digital divide. So, what is exactly the global digital divide? Here is all that you need to know about it.
Definition of Global Digital Divide
First of all, let’s figure out what digital divide is. Digital divide is the economic and social gap related to access, use, and impact of information and communication technology. Gaps among countries can refer to gaps between individuals, businesses, and geographic areas, usually with different economic levels or other categories. The global digital divide itself is the gap occurring among countries across the globe. It usually happens between developed countries and developing countries at the international level.
The term digital divide was first introduced in the report of The National Telecommunication and Information Administration, which is the government body of the United States of America that handles telecommunication and information fields. The report categorized citizens into 2 groups; Those who have and those who do not have access to technology, information, and communication. Global digital divide is not only related to physical aspects but it can also be related to gaps in politics, social, gender, economy, culture, ethnicity, geography, and demography.
Impacts of Global Digital Divide
The positive impact of global digital divide for those who do not know or apply technology yet is they will be able to contribute in improving information technology. Information technology is today’s technology that can unite or combine various information and resources to be used as knowledge for human beings. While the negative impact of global digital divide is that those who are able to produce and use technology will get higher chances to manage economic resources. While those who do not have any access to technology must be satisfied as an audience.
That is the information about global digital divide. Creating innovations by investing in infrastructure is not enough to overcome this global issue. Such an effort seems to overcome the entire issue, but it actually still leaves other untouched issues. In several cases, global digital divide also happens among citizens who are fully aware of technology. This is why both governments and citizens should work together.
The development of technology has brought quite significant changes in various fields of life. Advances in technology have accelerated changes, especially in the way of exchanging information. As you know, it is extremely easy and quick to access information from the internet today. You can get any information you want to know at any time and anywhere. Developed countries with better education and economic systems have catched this opportunity so that they are able to produce a huge volume of digital information.
While developing countries tend to be consumers only. The technology tends to not be evenly spread in developing countries. This is what causes the global digital divide. Global digital divide is the gap between those who have the ability in terms of access, and knowledge in the use of modern technology, and those who have no chance to enjoy the technology. It can also be defined as a gap between those who are able to use the technology and those who are not.
The main cause of global digital divide is insufficient infrastructure available, such as the internet, computer, electricity, and so on. Equal distribution of infrastructure is not well-performed by the government. So that people who live in areas that are not reached by the infrastructure cannot enjoy the benefits of technology. Moreover, the lack of use of the internet itself makes people misuse the technology. People in urban areas tend to use the internet only for entertainment. They are able to access the internet yet they cannot produce anything.
Economic conditions can also be the cause of global digital divide. People with low income cannot fully enjoy the advantages of technology. Some of them even do not think about using it. Generational differences also contribute to global digital divide. New generations that are already familiar with technology can easily learn new things. This is why teenagers and young adults can absorb information better than the elderly in this digital era.
Several solutions that can be applied to overcome global digital divide are preparing citizens to handle, value, accept, decide, and choose available information. They should be given education to prevent them from directly accepting certain information without seeking the truth first. With the right preparation, people will understand better about the access to technology to easily get information in this digital era. Cooperation between the government and private sectors in accelerating infrastructure development can also reduce the digital divide.
What is global digital divide? Has that thought ever crossed your mind? Nowadays, we can easily search for anything with the help of the internet. The world wide web is currently expanding very fast in the world. Unfortunately, this expansion of the internet is not equal between several parts and other parts of the world. This is what the global digital divide is all about.
Global Digital Divide Definition
Before we talk about anything else, let’s talk about the definition of the global digital divide. You might have a sense of what this term means. Well, to help you understand a little bit better, you have to know the simple definition of the global digital divide.
To simplify, the global digital divide is a digital disparity that happens in the world. Digital here refers to available access to resources regarding computing and information. An easy example of this type of resource is the internet.
The global digital divide usually happens between developed countries and developing countries. You can perfectly see the example of the digital disparities that happen between these two types of countries. And of course, you will also be able to see the impact of this disparity.
Why Global Digital Divide Exists
Now that you know what is global digital divide, let’s talk about why it even exists. You probably know that any kind of disparity usually happens because there is something uneven going on. Well, the global digital divide happens because the internet is developing pretty unevenly in the world. A lot of countries out there cannot keep up with the development of technology in the world.
There are so many things that contribute to this problem. A lot of countries do not have the resources that they need to keep up with everything that is developing in the world. A lot of countries experience problems such as poverty and hunger. That is why it can be difficult to keep up with the growing technology.
The global digital divide causes a lot of problems. Without proper digital resources, people cannot have the opportunities that technology can provide. This affects so many sectors such as education, labor, dadu online and tourism.
The global digital divide is a serious issue that is happening in the world. The digital disparity that happens between many countries leads to a lot of disadvantages.
The global digital divide is a technology gap that happens at a global level. This global issue occurs especially between developed countries and developing countries. It is caused by various factors. But unequal distribution of infrastructure and technology is considered as the main cause of the global digital divide. Such a global issue also brings impacts on social aspects and cultural aspects.
Impacts of the Global Digital Divide On Social
The involvement of ICT services is essential in increasing social interactions among people. Social websites, such as Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter have been extremely useful in facilitating communications and keeping friends and relatives stay in touch and connected. The technology brings huge influences on the levels of relations among members of society. Because new social chances appear when you include ICT in any kind of relationship. People now are able to stay connected with their friends and even make new friends in the middle of their busy daily activities.
Moreover, the internet can also provide information about people’s different cultures and religions that are crucial in guiding and maintaining social relations. Internet access offers someone access to a wider range of chances. So, it creates a social gap between those who are sufficient and those who are insufficient. Such segregation creates a potential for social conflicts in the society where the wealthy ones can obtain internet access and computers while the poor ones are not capable. Efforts to overcome this disparity started at a personal level through unacceptable and bad activities. For example, theft that can lead to the disruption of harmony in the communities.
Impacts of the Global Digital Divide On Culture
Technology influences different cultures in various ways, either in positive ways or negative ways. Integral components culture such as art, communications, and relationships have been extremely developed by technology. Developed countries experience huge changes in their culture because they combine new cultures they obtained from the internet while developing countries with limited internet access get their culture unchanged. Because they are limited in access to technology, nations that are poor in technology access are left behind.
However, people need access to technology in order to reduce the global digital divide. The growth of developing countries should be considered well in order to remove the global issue.
The global digital divide has created new differences in the society. It also dramatically influenced daily operations and livelihood of persons at a global scale. The ability to totally access the internet is creating gaps and segregation witnessed in distinctive industries today. Analysis of ICT use among countries around the world describes huge variations that will stay in other aspects of life given the thought that the internet plays an essential role in our daily life. The widening gap in digital and technology also brings impacts on various sectors.
Global Digital Divide Impacts On Education
The internet offers a bunch of information and knowledge. Skills and expertise are well-organized and delivered over the internet, making the use of computers always involved in daily activities, especially in developed countries. The access and availability of ICT has been related to academic success and powerful research because users are able to rapidly make references. Education is an extremely dynamic sector and keeping updated is essential to success.
The presence of internet access will ensure and enable you to always get the most current trends as well as revolutionize your research skills. The inadequacy of the devices has caused a weak education system in countries even more ineffective. Now, governments are struggling to utilize ICT services to schools in an effort to improve education standards. Provision of laptops to each student, installation of computer laboratories, and other strategies have shown significant improvements.
Global Digital Divide Impacts on Economy
Provision of telecommunication services plays a big role for economic growth. Moreover, there is a powerful linear correlation between those 2 sectors. What makes it interesting is socio-economic status is one of the causes of the global digital divide as well as the consequence of the global issue. The penetration of the internet allows people to get involved in productive activities economically. For example, trading without too many obstacles.
People can trade and shop online as well as compare prices in order to get the best deals. Being able to participate in online auctions and securely transact online means economic empowerment. For the sectors that are limited in technology and internet access, made hectic and returns get lowered. This condition makes the economic gap between developed countries and developing countries even more extensive.
Global digital divide defines global gaps, especially between developed countries and developing countries, in regards to access to information and computing resources. For example, the internet and chances gained from such access. Just like a smaller unit of analysis, this disparity describes inequality that exists, refers to the global scale. The internet is developing very rapidly. However, not all countries around the world, especially developing countries have the ability to keep up with the constant changes.
The term digital divide does not always mean that someone or a country does not have technology. It can also mean that there is a difference in technology. The differences can refer to various things. Such as technical assistance, computer quality, fast internet, telephone services, and so on. These kinds of differences can also be considered as a disparity.
Global Digital Divide VS Digital Divide
Global digital divide is a specific case of digital divide. The focus of such an issue is set on the fact that the internet is not evenly developed throughout the world. This condition causes several countries to be left behind in technology, labor, education, tourism, and democracy. The concept of digital divide was initially introduced in regard to the gap in internet access in rural areas and urban areas in the States. Global digital divide also causes another issue, which is unequal access to services and goods available through technology.
The internet and computers provide users with better education that can lead to better salaries. Therefore, people who live in areas with limited internet access are disadvantaged. This global divide is frequently characterized as the North-South divide, where northern are wealthier nations while southern are poorer ones.
Obstacles in Overcoming Global Digital Divide
Some argue that necessities have to be considered before achieving inclusion. For example, sufficient food and quality health care. Moreover, some factors should be considered as well when it comes to minimizing global digital divide. For instance, financial access. The cost of ICT devices, software, technicians, educator training, applications, traffic, maintenance, and infrastructures need continuous financial means.
Other obstacles include physical access, cultural access, political access, design access, institutional access, cognitive access, and socio-demographic access.